Crystal River Energy Complex has evolved from cattle to megawatts Crystal River Energy Complex has evolved from cattle to megawatts

Crystal River Energy Complex has evolved from cattle to megawatts

Old has always met new at Duke Energy’s site in Florida, which is also generating solar power


“I’m dreamin’, dreamin’ where the water’s wide. Crystal River.”

– “Crystal River” by Tom Petty

Unless you’ve lived in Citrus County, Fla., are a Duke Energy employee or a fan of Tom Petty, you’ve probably never heard of the city of Crystal River.

Sitting at the heart of Florida’s Nature Coast and 85 miles north of Tampa, Crystal River is home to about 3,000 people. It’s also home to a unique energy ecosystem 8 miles north of the city limits.

The Hollins family on a mule drawn wagon at Hollinswood Ranch.

During the past 60 years, gigawatts of electricity have been generated here.

Home to a retired nuclear plant, demolished coal plant, operating coal plant, natural gas plant, mariculture center and solar plant, the complex represents the past, present and future of energy. ​​​​​​​​​​​​

Local legend Dixie Hollins has been a company ally for more than six decades.

In 1942, Hollins’ grandfather bought 18,000 acres of flatland north of Crystal River. This would become Hollinswood Ranch – a cattle farm, lumber yard, hunting reservation, mine and, later, the Crystal River Energy Complex.

Through the 1940s and 1950s, the Hollins family developed the land, improving pastures, roads and fences.

In the 1960s, the family decided to sell 4,700 acres at the southern end of the property to Florida Power Corp., cutting the ranch in half.

When the first coal unit at the Crystal River power plant was built, it was the start of a cultural and economic change for the once-sleepy fishing and farming community.

Florida Power Corp. selected the Crystal River site because it was close to the company’s transmission system, water and a highway. Construction of unit 1 started in 1964. Workers carved roads through sandy soil and swamps to get to the spot where the plant would be built.

“At that time, Florida Power had more than 750 people employed during that project,” said Hollins. “Once the first unit was built, it was an economic engine for Citrus County. It provided great opportunities for local workers and brought new families to the community.”

In the next two decades, three more coal-fired units were built, along with the 860-megawatt Crystal River Nuclear Plant, making the site one of the largest generating complexes in the U.S. ​​​​​​​

Doug Castell, Mike Carrico and Tommy Norris are second-generation employees who have had long careers, following in their fathers’ footsteps.

After his career in the Army, Doug Castell started working at the site 28 years ago. His father retired from the company as a chief electrician, so the complex has always been a part of his life.

“I remember coming here as a kid with my dad for fish fry days and family get-togethers,” said Doug Castell. “This place has always been part of my life, so when I had the opportunity to work as a full-time employee, I accepted right away.”

Advertising for New Crystal River Generating Plant, from the April 1965 edition of Florida Power's Power Lines publication.

Castell works at the Citrus Combined Cycle Station as an operator and has worked at almost all the generation units at Crystal River.

“You sit there and think about all the good times, the people you’ve worked with, and the laughs you’ve shared. It really is a special place.”

As the company focuses on its clean energy transformation, Crystal River Energy Complex provides cleaner energy for Floridians.

In 2018, the Citrus Combined Cycle Station started serving customers after coal units 1 and 2 were retired. This provided opportunities for employees to work in different business units.

Mike Carrico joined the company in 1996 and has worked in multiple roles.

Bay Trail Renewable Energy Center north of Crystal River. Duke Energy recently built 10 solar plants in Florida.

“It’s been interesting to watch the changes through the years,” Carrico said. “This place is ever evolving, and you really must do that if you're going to sustain and stay abreast with the competition. There's just been a number of changes over the course of time that I've been here to see, and they’ve really benefited the site.”

Duke Energy’s Bay Trail Renewable Energy Center, a solar plant capable of producing 74.9 megawatts of energy, started serving customers in early 2022.

The Bay Trail Renewable Energy Center is one of the first of 10 solar sites, totaling 750 megawatts, that are part of the company’s new community solar program, Clean Energy Connection.

By 2024, Duke Energy will have invested $2 billion in solar generation in Florida along with batteries, electric transportation and the electric grid to meet customers’ electric needs. It’s part of the company’s broader goal to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.

As the Crystal River site changes, so do the employees. They have been able to continue their careers and learn new skills, while giving back to their community.

​​​​​​​Haley Dwyer is a native of Crystal River, Fla.

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